New France
Fur Trade

- demonstrate an understanding of the rivalries between the French and English in North America and Europe
- describe the major causes, results and personalities of the Seven Years' War in North America

  A Link to Learning web-based student learning activity     www.linktolearning.com

This activity is based on the History section of the "Exploration, the Fur Trade and Hudson's Bay Company"  web site;

http://www.canadiana.org/hbc/hist/hist1_e.html

As you read through each of the pages, answer the questions below.

The Beginning of the Fur Trade
1. Why was beaver fur so valuable? _________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

Europeans Discover North America
2. Why were explorers looking for the Northwest Passage? ________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

Fashionable Furs
3. What did explorers such as Frobisher, Davis and Hudson do that later helped the fur trade?

____________________________________________________________________________

The Fur Trade Expands (and then slows down again)
4. Who told Champlain to develop the fur trade? _______________________________________

5. What caused the fur trade to almost come to a stop? _________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

Two Brave Adventurers
6. Why did Radisson and Groseiliers decide to work for the English? ________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

The Hudson's Bay Company is Formed
7. Who granted the charter? ___________________________________________________

8. To whom was it granted? ____________________________________________________

9. When was it granted? __________________________________

10. What is a monopoly? ______________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

11. Why did HBC stop looking for new sources of fur? _________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

Conflict and Change
12. Why did the fur trade slow down?  (2 reasons) ___________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

Transfer of Power
13. What happened to the North West Company? ___________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

14. Why did beaver fur become less important? _____________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________